Use Of English Past Question By DR. Ngulube.



INSTITUTE OF FOUNDATION STUDIES FIRST SEMESTER EXAMIN
ATION Course: Use of English Write a one paragraph composition on The effect of racial profiling and ethnics stereotyping Read the following passage carefully, and then answer the questions below: To be called upon to do the impossible is a very high compliment, for is it not a tribute to great feats already done, apparent impossible faced and overcome in the past? That compensating through, however, is not always available as reward and stimulus to those who feel that they are confronted with something beyond the limits of the possible. We all know what it is to have hat feeling. Even before we begin to feel it for ourselves our parents have felt it for us. The fondest father, looking upon his new-born babe, must, at first blush, feel that it is beyond the bounds of possibility that this unseasonably vocal and not very beautiful stronger will in a few years be a bright and beloved child whose companionship and interest will means all the world to him. And so it goes on,. The small schoolboy sees a great gulf fixed between his unheeded self and the demi-gods of the First Eleven. Later he gazes blankly at a mountain-wall of examinations and feels that he can never climb it. When he gets out into the world it seems impossible that one so ill-equipped and inexperienced can ever be one of those who direct the affairs of men. But the dawn of “golden vistas children” brightens into brilliant day, and the small boy becomes the many-coloured hero, saviour of many matches, to fresh generations of small boys. The despair of teachers and examiners blossoms out into the leader of a business, at the Bar, of an army, of a nation. Looking back to his blind beginnings and forward to untold ages, what limits shall man himself lay down to what he may become. Some elements of the impossible, or at least some convincing appearances of it, is an essential of all advance. For progress, something is needed that is not yet, that may possibly never be, but that still does not cease to call for an attempt at its fulfillment. A man or a world that had no wants, or could get all that was wanted for the asking would be a man and a world doomed to satiety, stagnation and decay. What is impossible here and now is the goal, the lodestar, the beckoning ideal of the future. It makes irresistible appeal to the bold, sanguine, and the forward-ranging spirit, however much it may daunt faint hearts and feeble hunts. Without it, seas would never have been crossed poles discovered heaven high peak ascended, instead of braving the upper air on the wings of the wind, man would still be creeping among the brutes that perish. All very well, you may say, for youth with its tireless zest and its unbounded ambitions and aspirations. It is different for the older man, who has learned by hard experience what his limitations are. He, if not “too old at forty”, knows quite well at fifty, and even better at sixty, that he has reached the circumference of his possibilities and that his field of activity must henceforth be a steady shrinking circle. That is true enough of material, physical, and even mental possibilities. But it is not true of the spirit. In that realm age has no power to stale and wither. There is still room for the high adventure of attempting the impossible. The ideal can still call to height that look unsculable, and can till find a response in upward effort for the greyest of spirits, to the very end all experience is an arch where thro gleams that untraveled world whose margin fades for every and for ever as I move”. Explain simply, and briefly the meaning of each of the following italicized expressions as used in their context in the passage: (i) compensating thought (ii) unseasonably vocal (iii) many-coloured hero (iv) blind beginnings Give simply, in your own words, avoiding the use of all figurative language, the meaning of the last pap of the passage, from “But it is not true ____ to ___ effort” Describe fully the grammatical function of each of the following words and phrases as used in the passage (i) to be called upon (ii) very (iii) already (iv) even (v) before (vi) whose (ii) identify a comparative and a superlative expression Using a tree diagram produce a hierarchical structure of these words: (a) Unsystematic (b) unsystematically (c) unlockable not able to be locked’ (d) unlockable able to be unlocked (e) account for the formation process of bleasure and bizhub Give the plural of the following words, where two forms are acceptable, give both Atlas circus chassis salmon Ultimaturm syllabus basts publisher-editor Bureau author-producers diagnosis secretary-treasurer Construct sentences that illustrate the following tense and aspect (i) Present perfect progressive (ii) past progressive (iii) future perfect (iv) present perfect Construct a sentence that is an example of: (i) the loose (ii) the periodic (iii) the mixed (iv) multiple (v) compound-complex (vi) complex Provide the meaning of the underlined expressions Of course, he, a very clever politician, too clever by half, in my opinion He can’t make a decision about the project because he can’t see the wood for the trees The bad weather is good for the umbrella manufacturers. They are making money hand over first The villagers are ten miles apart as the crow files, but nearly fifteen miles by road Provide fused phrasal verbs in place of the italicized words You’re always disparaging your brother He confronted his opponents despite this fear I am eagerly anticipating your visit He made some funny remarks, I don’t know what he was insinuating Identify appositives, appositive phrases, participles, and participial phrases in the following sentences: Gaspar Castano de Sosa, a lieutenant-governor from Spain, thought that exploring New Mexico would win him riches The sample showed the desired results, a high sliver content Pick out the subordinate (or dependent) clause in each of the sentences below Where the plane crashed is still not known (b) I don’t believe that those bookshelves are popular anywhere yet (c) Can you tell us when we shall see the result? (d) what that advertisement says is not true What do all these utterances have in common? What do you want to drink? Only by using a powerful microscope can you see the intricate cell structure Were you to ask me again, I might accept Hardly had he arrived when the telephone rang Identify the direct object, the indirect object, the complement, adverbial in these example (a) Mary is a nurse (b) Mary is in the house (c) She gives me expensive presents (d) they cried, it is lot Using the symbols SVCOA, classify these sentences (a) Elephants never forget (b) croesry was a wing (c) we planted the war white (d) I have told you what to do Identify the subject of each of the sentences below (a) full-scale computers use a larger number of programs (b) this jumbled sequence of details keeps dancing in front of his eyes (c) the process of changing a computer program can be compared with house dreams (d) a special period will needed to be set aside for the operation Ask the questions which might have prompted these answers (i) Sorry I don’t carry matches (ii) it rang when I was having a bath (iii) I was having a bath when it rang Answer these questions using yes/no + pronoun + an auxiliary verb (a) Are you happy? (b) may I borrow this book? (c) Do you know French? (d) Should you say anything? Eliminate week coordination in the following sentences by subordinating less important ideas (a) I have a teacher named Mr. Peters. He teaches English. He is very strict (b) Sometimes violent storms arose and then the workers sought shelter in the huts (c) pollution and love population are their most serious problems, and they are spending billons on new weapons (d) As the river rose to flood stage, many people fled to higher ground .

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